Children with Type 1 diabetes are affected by the body’s failure to produce insulin. Children require insulin to survive, thus the deficiency must be made up for either by injections or an insulin pump. Children with Type 1 diabetes was also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.
Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune condition. The immune system of the body harms the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Insulin is the hormone responsible for regulation of sugar in the blood and utilize it to make energy. Glucose builds up in the blood when it cannot enter the cells. The body is harmed by high blood sugar, which also contributes to many of the complications and symptoms. Problems with high blood sugar can arise in any part of the body. Blood vessels and nerves may be harmed. It may be harmful to the heart, kidneys, and eyes.
Type 1 diabetes comes in two different types:
Type 1 diabetes in children cannot be cured, although it can be controlled. For kids with type 1 diabetes, improvements in blood sugar management and insulin delivery have improved quality of life.
It might be overwhelming for the parents to learn that their child has type 1 diabetes. Parents and the child will need to learn how to administer injections, count carbohydrates, and check blood sugar, depending on the child’s age.
Type 1 diabetes in children typically manifests quickly and may cause the following symptoms:
If there are signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes in their child, consult a healthcare provider.
Type 1 diabetes has an unclear specific cause. However, in the majority of type 1 diabetics, the immune system mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. This process appears to be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors.
When food is digested, sugar enters into the bloodstream. But because the child produces little or no insulin, the child’s bloodstream builds up sugar. If left untreated, this could result in problems that are life-threatening.
Although it can happen at any age, type 1 diabetes most frequently affects children and has the following are risk factors:
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