Prediabetes refers to having an elevated blood sugar level that is above the normal range but not yet high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. Both adults and children with prediabetes face a heightened risk of developing type 2 diabetes if they do not make lifestyle changes. Typically, a healthy blood sugar (glucose) level falls between 70 to 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). If you have undiagnosed prediabetes, your levels are usually in the range of 100 to 125 mg/dL.
Individuals with prediabetes may already be experiencing the early stages of damage to their heart, blood vessels, and kidneys associated with diabetes. However, there is encouraging news: the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes is not inevitable.
By adopting a healthy diet, incorporating regular physical activity into your daily routine, and maintaining a healthy weight, you can work towards returning your blood sugar levels to normal. The same lifestyle modifications that can help prevent type 2 diabetes in adults may also be effective in restoring normal blood sugar levels in children.
Many individuals with prediabetes may not exhibit any noticeable symptoms, underscoring the importance of regular check–ups with your primary care provider. They can perform screenings, such as a basic metabolic panel, to assess your blood sugar levels, which is the most reliable method for detecting prediabetes.
For those who do experience prediabetes symptoms, these may include:
Classic indications that suggest a transition from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes include:
If you have concerns about diabetes or notice any signs or symptoms of type 2 diabetes, it is advisable to consult your healthcare provider. Additionally, if you possess any risk factors for diabetes, consider discussing blood sugar screening with your healthcare provider to ensure timely detection and management.
Prediabetes is a condition characterized by the impaired processing of sugar (glucose) in the body, with its exact cause remaining unclear but a significant influence from family history and genetics. Typically, after consuming food, sugar enters the bloodstream, and insulin, produced by the pancreas, facilitates the entry of sugar into cells, thus regulating blood sugar levels. In prediabetes, this process is compromised, either due to insufficient insulin production by the pancreas or increased resistance of cells to insulin, leading to an accumulation of sugar in the bloodstream rather than its proper utilization by cells.
Prediabetes is more likely to occur due to the same factors which increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Among these are the following:
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