A sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is frequently contracted is genital herpes. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection leads to genital herpes. Skin–to–skin contact during sexual activity is a common way for genital herpes to spread.
Certain individuals who contract the virus might experience extremely mild symptoms or even remain asymptomatic. They are still capable of spreading the disease. Others have oral, vaginal, or anal pain, itching, and blisters.
Genital herpes has no known treatment. After the initial outbreak, symptoms frequently return. Taking medicine can reduce symptoms. Additionally, it reduces the chance of spreading infection. The spread of genital herpes can be halted with the use of condoms.
Most HSV carriers are unaware of their infection. They could have no symptoms at all or just very minor ones.
Within two to twelve days of viral exposure, symptoms appear. They may consist of:
You might frequently have flu–like symptoms during the initial outbreak, such as:
Where the pathogen first enters the body, sores develop. By touching a sore and then rubbing or scratching another part of your body, you can transfer the illness. Your fingers and eyes are included in this.
Sores can appear on or in the mouth, penis, scrotum, vagina, cervix, vulva, urethra, anus, rectum, buttocks, or thighs.
After genital herpes first flares up, symptoms frequently return. Recurrent outbreaks or recurrent episodes are what these are known as.
The frequency of repeated breakouts varies greatly. Most outbreaks often occur in the first year following infection. Over time, they might arise less frequently. Typically, your symptoms during subsequent outbreaks don’t stay as long or aren’t as bad as they were during the initial attack.
A few hours or days before a new outbreak begins, you might notice warning symptoms. The prodromal symptoms are those. They consist of:
Consult your doctor if you think you may have genital herpes or another STI.
There are two distinct herpes simplex virus types that cause genital herpes. Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 (HSV–2) and Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV–1) are two examples of these varieties. Even if they don’t show any symptoms, people with HSV infections can still transmit the virus to others.
The most frequent cause of genital herpes is HSV–2. There may be the virus:
During sex, the virus spreads from one person to another.
The virus that causes cold sores or fever blisters is known as HSV–1. Children may expose to HSV–1 through close skin–to–skin contact with an infected person.
During oral sex, a person who has HSV–1 in their mouth tissues can spread the virus to their partner’s genitalia. Genital herpes is the newly acquired infection.
HSV–1–related genital herpes outbreaks tend to occur less frequently than HSV–2–related outbreaks.
HSV–1 and HSV–2 do not thrive at room temperature. So it’s unlikely that the virus will spread via surfaces like a towel or a faucet handle. However, sharing a drink or piece of silverware or kissing could spread the infection.
Incidences of genital herpes are associated with:
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