Trigeminal neuralgia, also referred to as tic douloureux, is a condition characterized by excruciating pain on one side of the face, resembling an electric shock. This chronic pain condition affects the trigeminal nerve, responsible for transmitting sensory information from the face to the brain. Even minor facial stimuli, like brushing teeth or applying makeup, can trigger intense agony in individuals suffering from trigeminal neuralgia. At first, you can encounter brief, mild attacks. However, trigeminal neuralgia can progress and result in longer, more frequent episodes of excruciating pain. Women experience trigeminal neuralgia more frequently than men do, and persons older than 50 are more prone to develop it.
Trigeminal neuralgia frequently affects only one side of the face unilaterally. If it’s bilateral, both sides will be impacted, but not simultaneously. Additionally, bilateral trigeminal neuralgia is very uncommon. It’s interesting to note that this condition typically affects the right side of the face more than the left.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a condition that offers various treatment options, indicating that individuals affected by it are not inevitably condemned to a lifetime of pain. Trigeminal neuralgia is typically successfully treated by doctors using drugs, injections, or surgery.
Trigeminal neuralgia can manifest with one or more of the following symptom patterns:
Aside from the pain, there may be other symptoms as well.
It is advisable to seek medical attention if you experience facial pain, particularly if the pain is severe, recurring, or unresponsive to over–the–counter pain relievers. Consulting with a doctor is recommended in such cases.
The trigeminal nerve’s normal function is interfered within trigeminal neuralgia. Typically, the issue is contact between the trigeminal nerve at the base of your brain and a typical blood vessel, in this case an artery or a vein. The nerve becomes malfunction as a result of the pressure this contact puts on it.
While one of the most frequent causes of trigeminal neuralgia is compression by a blood vessel, there are numerous other possible reasons as well. Some of them could be caused by multiple sclerosis or another condition that damages the myelin sheath that shields some nerves. A tumor pressing against the trigeminal nerve might also result in trigeminal neuralgia.
Trigeminal neuralgia may be brought on by a brain tumor or another abnormality in certain persons. Trigeminal neuralgia may also result from facial trauma, stroke, or surgical damages.
Trigeminal neuralgia can be brought on by a number of factors, including:
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