Coronary artery disease or myocardial ischemia often occurs in men aged over 55 years old, women older than 65 years or patients with obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol as well as smokers, those who have a sedentary lifestyle and have a strong family history of coronary heart disease. These are all considered as risk factors and symptoms of this disease do not tend to show through in the early stage.
However, if patients experience chest pain or tightness, feel pressured or heavy on the chest, fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, loss of consciousness, or even as severe as cardiac arrest, it means the arteries have over 50 percent of blockage. Therefore, examining for abnormalities or evaluating the functions of coronary arteries in people who are at risk, enables the disease to be detected at an early stage with no complications during the treatment.
Detect abnormalities of Coronary Arteries with the following tests:
Coronary computed tomography or Coronary CT Angiography is done by injecting contrast material containing iodine to examine the abnormalities in arteries and determine if there is a blockage, narrowing or leakage in the arteries.
Cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram is carried out by injecting contrast dye to examine the arteries and the strength of heart muscles as well as the functions of the heart valves.
If the assessment reveals that patient has a severe condition of coronary artery disease, doctors may consider balloon angioplasty to insert a stent into the artery. This will stop a narrowing or blockage of the arteries again and eventually prevent acute myocardial infarction or acute obstruction of a coronary artery that may lead to sudden death.
For more information, please contact
Cardiac Center on 5th floor, Vejthani Hospital or call our Hotline at +66(0)85-223-8888
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