Speech Therapy


Speech therapy assists in the improvement of speaking and other language abilities in both adults and children. Speech therapy can enhance your quality of life regardless of the issue affecting your ability to talk or communicate. It facilitates both your ability to express your thoughts and comprehend what others communicate to you. Additionally, it can enhance problem-solving and memory skills.

In order to find exercises and treatments that specifically address your needs, you will collaborate with a speech-language pathologist (SLP, or speech therapist). Some individuals require assistance with speaking and communicating. To better process and comprehend language, some people require speech therapy.

Speech therapy can improve your ability to:

  • Early language development, particularly for kids who are just starting to talk and communicate.
  • Speak and comprehend language or the capacity to understand words and language.
  • Fluency, or the ease and comfort with which you can communicate.
  • Express easily what you want.

Reasons for undergoing the procedure

If your healthcare provider suspects a speech disorder in you or your child, they may recommend basic testing to pinpoint the issue with communication. In cases where communication problems are observed, your child might undergo a hearing test administered by an audiologist. If the hearing test results come back normal, the next step may involve working with speech-language pathologists to address any speech-related concerns.

Anyone with a communication impairment can benefit from speech therapy. In the event that you have a medical condition that makes swallowing hard or a hearing impairment, your healthcare provider may also recommend speech therapy. Speech therapy may be suggested by your healthcare provider to assist with:

  • Aphasia: Aphasia can cause problems for a person’s ability to read, write, talk, and comprehend language. It frequently appears after a stroke or other trauma harms the part of the brain responsible for language processing.
  • Apraxia: Aphasia patients struggle to create words, even if they are aware of what they wish to communicate. They could struggle with swallowing, writing, reading, and other motor abilities.
  • Articulation disorder: There are word sounds that people with articulation problems are unable to produce. They might, for instance, speak “wed” instead of “red” or “thith” instead of “this” in place of one sound for another.
  • Cognitive-communication impairements: If there is damage to the part of your brain that regulates your ability to think, you may find it difficult to communicate. Cognitive-communication impairments can cause problems with speaking, listening, memory, and solving problems.
  • Dysarthria: Those who struggle with dysarthria may speak slowly or slurred. It occurs when the speech-controlling muscles weaken. Stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and other nervous system conditions are common causes.
  • Expressive disorder: Individuals experiencing expressive disorders may encounter challenges articulating words or conveying their thoughts. Developmental delays, hearing loss, and stroke or other neurological problems are associated with expressive disorders.
  • Fluency disorders: Speech rhythm, flow, and speed are all affected by fluency disorder. Fluency disorders include stuttering, or stopped or blocked speech. Cluttering refers to speech characterized by rapid and merged words.
  • Receptive disorders: Receptive disorders make it difficult for a person to understand or process what other people are saying. They might not seem interested in talks, have a little vocabulary, or struggle to follow instructions.
  • Resonance disorders: Conditions that affect your nasal or oral cavities are known as resonance disorders. The vibrations which help in hearing can be altered by the airflow obstruction. Resonance disorders can be brought on by cleft palates, enlarged tonsils, and other illnesses affecting the anatomy of the mouth and nose.


Speech therapy will assist you in enhancing your language skills for speaking and communicating. The type of speech therapy you require will depend on a number of factors, such as your age and any potential medical conditions or problems with speech. Based on your particular situation, your speech-language pathologist will suggest the best course of action. Your speech therapist will identify the speech treatment technique or categories that best suit your needs out of the many available.

Speech therapy can benefit individuals of any age who require support with their language or speech skills. There isn’t a specific or perfect age to seek assistance. For both adults and children with communication disorders, speech therapy proves valuable.

Studies have highlighted the importance of early intervention and consistent practice, often facilitated at home with guidance, in the effectiveness of speech therapy for children. Speech therapy sessions for children often integrate play activities such as language-based board games or sequencing activities to enhance engagement and progress. Adult speech therapy typically focuses on enhancing certain skill sets, such as the coordination between the mouth and brain.

Activities used in speech therapy include the following:

  • Facial movements: Your motor skills can be enhanced by controlling your facial expression. Your therapist may ask you to pucker your lips or smile before telling you to relax your face.
  • Mouth and tongue exercises: You will learn mouth and tongue strengthening exercises and motions from your speech therapist. Your tongue can be trained to move in coordinated patterns with these exercises.
  • Reading out loud: Reading aloud can improve the communication between your mouth and brain if your speech impairment inhibits you from using your tongue and mouth in the correct ways.
  • Word games: Memory games, word searches, and crossword puzzles have all been demonstrated in studies to preserve cognitive function and enhance thinking abilities.


Millions of people have benefited from speech therapy’s demonstrated efficacy in improving their language and communication abilities.

There are several benefits to speech therapy, including increased self-esteem, increased independence, and better understanding and communication of concepts, ideas, and feelings. It also improves vocal quality, develops early language abilities, and gets young children ready for school. Additionally, it helps patients with therapy to swallow more easily and, in the end, has beneficial effects on their quality of life.

Everybody has different needs. While some speech impairments get better with age, others need speech therapy for years. If your speech disorder was brought on by a medical condition, you may see improvements in your language and speaking abilities when the underlying problem is resolved. Discuss with your speech therapist or healthcare provider how to create and meet goals that are specific to your requirements.

See a healthcare provider as soon as you suspect something is interfering with your ability to hear, speak, or interact with people. If you believe your child may be struggling with language or comprehension, take them to see someone with expertise. Typical indicators that a child may have a communication issue include:

  • Easily becoming frustrated whether conversing, listening, or reading.
  • Having trouble comprehending basic sentences.
  • Having trouble using words or language.
  • Speaking less or infrequently than normal.