Hip replacement surgery includes hip resurfacing. In hip resurfacing procedure, implants are employed in order to relieve hip stiffness and pain brought on by osteoarthritis and other disorders. Implants replace injured tissue and bones, enhancing more fluid mobility. The treatment is carried out by an orthopaedic surgeon (a specialist in bones and joints). Most candidates for hip resurfacing are men under 60.
The ball and socket joint in your hip is a component of your skeletal system. It consists of the acetabulum which is the hip socket and the femoral head which is the ball–shaped upper thighbone head.
Hip resurfacing entails removing worn cartilage and bone from the ball and socket. The trimmed thighbone is covered with a smooth metal covering by your surgeon. The hip socket is lined with a metal shell. These two metallic parts function in unison, enabling smooth and pain–free movement.
Osteoarthritis in the hip can be relieved through hip resurfacing. Hip pain is frequently felt in the groin, but it can also occur in the buttock or hip’s side. If nonsurgical measures are ineffective for your hip discomfort, your doctor may advise the operation.
Not everyone is a candidate for hip resurfacing. The surgery shouldn’t be performed on those over 65. In senior patients, hip replacement is well functioning. Osteoporosis, which is more prevalent in this age group, can make both hip resurfacing and hip replacement procedures more challenging.
Typical candidates for hip resurfacing include:
Hip resurfacing procedures are often performed under spinal anesthetic. As you sleep, you are doing your own breathing. The process lasts less than two hours.
Your orthopedic surgeon will examine you before the procedure. The doctor could:
Ask any questions you have regarding the procedure at this visit. Find out which drugs you need to stop taking or keep taking the week before surgery.
It’s important to cease using tobacco products because it can prevent healing. Consult your doctor if you need assistance quitting.
When performing hip resurfacing, your doctor:
To access the hip joint, a thigh incision is made. Then, the surgeon trims damaged bone and cartilage from the ball–shaped head of the thighbone. Attaches a shiny metal cap to the ball using surgical cement. The diseased bone and cartilage are removed from the hip socket. A metal shell is then inserted into the socket of the hip. The socket’s rear, which is roughened, connects to the pelvic bone. Further, the surgeon inserts the ball–shaped femoral head into the hip socket. And lastly, stitches are used to close the incision.
You’ll stay in the hospital for one or two days. You can begin putting weight on the leg soon after surgery if your surgeon provides the all–clear. To get around comfortably for a few weeks, you might need to use crutches, a walker, or a cane.
Pain can be reduced by nonsteroidal anti–inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). You can regain movement with the aid of physical therapy. After six weeks, you ought to be able to pick up your regular activities again. You can resume full–time, unrestricted activities after a year, including sports.
There is a chance of blood clots, infection, and nerve damage with every surgery. The following issues with hip resurfacing also exist:
You will require additional hip surgery if either of these issues arises.
When it comes to reducing hip pain and enhancing mobility, hip resurfacing is just as effective as hip replacement.
Hip resurfacing is superior to hip replacement in the following ways:
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