Heart failure, also referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), occurs when the heart can’t pump sufficient blood to sustain the body’s tissues and organs. Initially, lifestyle modifications and medications are the primary treatments and can be highly effective. However, when these are not enough, surgery might be necessary. Surgical intervention aims to enhance heart function, alleviate symptoms, and potentially extend the patient’s lifespan, leading to an improved quality of life.
There are various surgical options for treating heart failure, ranging from less invasive procedures to more extensive surgeries like heart transplants.
These surgeries aim to improve heart function, correct rhythm issues, or replace a failing heart, depending on the specific heart condition and its severity.
Heart failure surgery may be advised by your healthcare provider to address the root causes of heart failure, enhance the performance of your heart, and provide a critical, life-saving option for advanced cases of heart failure that have not responded adequately to lifestyle adjustments and medication regimens.
Potential risks associated with the procedure encompass outcomes such as mortality, strokes, bleeding, and infections, with additional risks possibly varying based on your age and specific medical condition. Prior to surgery, your surgeon will comprehensively discuss these potential risks with you, and it’s essential to communicate any questions or apprehensions you may have regarding the procedure and its associated risks to your surgeon.
Your healthcare provider will provide you with specific instructions for preparing for surgery, which may include:
Upon your arrival at the hospital on the day of surgery, you will be asked to change into a hospital gown. A nurse will establish an intravenous (IV) line in your arm or hand to administer fluids and necessary medications. Additionally, the nurse may:
For most surgical procedures, you will receive medication to induce anesthesia and put you to sleep.
Heart surgery procedures are personalized to specific conditions, with some necessitating open surgery involving a sternum incision, while others employ minimally invasive techniques with smaller chest incisions. An emerging trend is the use of catheter-based approaches, wherein access to the heart is gained through a small groin incision. These catheter-based procedures typically offer quicker interventions, often lasting one to two hours.
Following surgery, your post-operative destination can be either the hospital’s intensive care unit (ICU) or a hospital room, contingent upon the surgical procedure and your health status. The duration of your hospital stay will be determined by these factors and can range from one night to several weeks. For certain individuals, a period of rehabilitation at a specialized facility may be necessary to restore their physical strength. Prior to discharge, your healthcare team will provide you with a comprehensive plan that outlines your future appointments and offers guidance on self-care.
Heart failure can worsen over time, impacting your quality of life. Surgery can help improve symptoms and extend life, but your prognosis depends on factors like heart function, surgery success, and post-operative care. It’s a chronic condition, so stay in touch with your healthcare provider. Report worsening symptoms or new ones like fatigue, shortness of breath, or swelling. After surgery, follow your care plan and attend follow-up appointments, discussing any concerns or issues with your provider as you recover.
+66 2066 8888