A spermatocele, also referred to as an epididymal cyst, is an atypical growth of a cyst that is filled with fluid and is found in the epididymis. The epididymis is a small, coiled tube located on the upper testicle that collects and transports sperm. Spermatocele is not cancerous. It is usually painless. The fluid inside a spermatocele is usually clear or milky and may contain sperm.
The size of spermatoceles differs.
Main functions of epididymis include keeping and delivering sperm from the testicle. Since the exact cause of spermatoceles is unknown, one of the sperm-transporting tubes may have become blocked or inflammed.
Because spermatoceles are benign cysts, they are not cancerous. There is no evidence to suggest that a spermatocele can progress into a malignant (cancerous) growth. Furthermore, having a spermatocele does not increase the likelihood of developing testicular cancer.
Often, the condition does not affect fertility or required treatment. The healthcare provider could advise surgery, if a spermatocele becomes large enough to be uncomfortable.
Spermatocele typically shows no signs and symptoms, and its size may stay unchanged. But if it gets big enough, patient might experience the following:
Spermatocele typically doesn’t cause symptoms, a patient may only become aware of it through a testicular self-exam or a healthcare provider may uncover it during a routine physical examination.
Any scrotal tumor should be examined by a healthcare provider to rule out more serious conditions including testicular cancer. Call the physician if the patient also has pain or swelling in the scrotum. There are several disorders that can cause testicular pain, some of which require immediate medical attention.
A spermatocele is a condition in which sperm accumulates in a certain area of the epididymis. Spermatoceles may be caused by a blockage in one of the many tubes in the epididymis that store and carry sperm from the testicle.
There aren’t many well-established risk factors for spermatocele development.
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