Retinal detachment is a serious eye disorder. This occurs when the retina, which is the layer of tissue at the back of the eye responsible for detecting light and transmitting visual signals to the brain, becomes separated from the surrounding supportive tissues. A detached retina affects the vision and can cause blindness.
The retina loses its blood supply when it separates from the tissues that support it. These tissues’ blood vessels deliver oxygen and nourishment to the retina. If left untreated for an extended period, the chances of experiencing permanent vision loss in the affected eye significantly increase.
Reduced vision, sudden appearance of floaters, and flashes of light are all potential warning symptoms of retinal detachment, and prompt treatment is essential to prevent potential vision loss. Treatment options may include laser therapy and surgery.
The signs and symptoms of retinal detachment depend on the severity of the symptoms. Some people don’t experience any symptoms, while some, especially if a larger portion of the retina detaches, may have symptoms. But before it happens or has progressed, there are often warning indicators, such as:
If one observes an increase in the number of eye floaters, flashes of light, or the presence of a shadow in the vision, it is crucial to immediately contact an eye care provider or visit the emergency room. Urgent medical attention is necessary to prevent permanent vision loss.
The cause of retinal detachment may vary depending on its type. The types of retinal detachment include:
Several factors may contribute to one’s risk of developing retinal detachment, such as:
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