The rectum is the last part of the intestinal tract which starts from the end part of the colon down to the anus. Rectal cancer begins at the rectum. When cancer occurs inside the colon it is called colon cancer. When both rectal and colon cancer occur together, it is called “colorectal cancer”. Rectal and colon cancer may have a lot of similarities but they have different treatments. The reason is because the rectum is quite attached to the other organs which makes it difficult to surgically remove rectal cancer.
Rectal cancer may manifest with many signs and symptoms such as:
If these symptoms persist, consult your doctor.
Rectal cancer starts when the DNA of the healthy cells mutate causing uncontrolled duplication, resulting in forming a mass of cells also known as a tumor. This tumor then starts to invade and destroy the healthy cell and could metastasize (spread to other parts of the body).
There are two common syndromes of colorectal abnormalities which relates to higher risk of developing colorectal cancer:
If you have a family history of colorectal cancer, consult your doctor to perform proper genetic tests or other diagnostic tests.
Rectal and colon cancer may have the same risk factors such as.
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