Pseudogout is a kind of arthritis marked by sudden, painful, stiffness, redness, warmth, and swelling in one or more joints. Episodes might last a few days or several weeks. Normally, it only affects one joint at a time, but occasionally, it could affect numerous joints at once. It is a condition that frequently impacts the knees and wrists.
CPPD, or calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease, is the medical name for pseudogout. The condition is often referred to as pseudogout due to its resemblance to gout. Crystal deposits develop in a joint in both gout and pseudogout, though the kind of crystals is different in each disease. Some CPPD symptoms may resemble rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis symptoms.
The reason why crystals accumulate in joints and lead to pseudogout is unknown, however the risk rises with age. Inflammation and discomfort can both be reduced by treatments.
The knee or wrist is frequently affected by pseudogout. Less frequently, it might affect the ankles, toes, knuckles, hips, shoulders, and elbows. In rare instances, pseudogout may extend to the neck, resulting in neck discomfort, shoulder pain, headaches, and, in certain cases, fevers.
The affected joints are often swollen, warm, and extremely painful during a pseudogout attack.
If someone has sudden, severe joint pain and swelling, it is advised to seek medical assistance.
The cause of this condition is the abnormal formation of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals in the joint fluid (synovial fluid) or cartilage. This may result in an attack of arthritis.
It is frequently unknown what causes abnormal CPPD crystal deposition in cartilage. Some underlying diseases, such as joint injury, hyperparathyroidism, hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatasia, hypothyroidism, and hemochromatosis, can cause CPPD crystals to appear. It’s also possible that the CPPD crystals formation is an inherited characteristic.
As people get older, these crystals occur in over half of the population who are above 85. However, the majority of those with these crystal deposits never have pseudogout. Why some people get symptoms while others do not is still unclear.
The following factors can increase the chance of developing pseudogout:
+66 2066 8888