When the cells have an abnormal growth in a child’s brain or the structures surrounding it, it forms into a mass called brain tumor. There are various types of pediatric brain tumor and they can either be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). The cause is unknown in most cases. Factors that may affect prognosis and treatment are based on the brain tumor’s location, it’s type, the child’s overall health, age and if it has spread to other parts of the body. Primary brain tumors are tumors that begins in the brain or nearby structures, and pediatric brain tumor is typically primary brain tumor. The cause of pediatric brain tumor is mostly unknown.

Treatment options for pediatric brain tumor varies from adult brain tumor so make sure that you choose the pediatric doctor whose expertise and experience is specifically for neurology and cancer.


The most common signs and symptoms of pediatric brain tumor are:

  • More frequent or more severe headache
  • Lethargy and drowsiness
  • Nausea and vomiting of unknown cause
  • Having a double vision or eyesight problem that just occurred recently

Signs and symptoms based on location:

  • The fontanels of the baby appears full or the head is enlarged  (macroencephaly)
  • Seizures
  • Abnormal eye movement
  • Slurred speech
  • Hearing problems
  • Swallowingproblems
  • Feeding problem in babies or loss of appetite in children
  • Weakness on one side of the face
  • Numbnessor weakness of the upper and lower extremities
  • Balancing problems
  • Walking difficulty
  • Confusion, and irritability
  • Behavioral changes