Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) also known as runner’s knee or jumper’s knee, is a painful condition under or around the patella (kneecap). One knee or both may experience PFPS. This condition can occur in both children and adults, but it is more common in individuals who engage in physical activities such as running and jumping, particularly in sports.
Patellofemoral pain can be worsened by activities such as running, stairs climbing, prolonged sitting, or squatting. While physical therapy may be necessary in some cases, simple treatments like rest and ice can often help manage the condition.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome symptoms gradually develop. Frequent activity could make symptoms worse. The most common symptom of patellofemoral pain syndrome is a dull, aching pain at the front of the knee. Symptoms may include:
It is recommended to seek medical attention if knee pain persists for several days without improvement.
It is unclear what causes patellofemoral pain syndrome. Several factors, such as the following, could result in the development of PFPS:
The following factors could increase the risk in developing PFPS:
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