Obstructive sleep apnea is the common respiratory condition linked to sleep. During sleep, it leads to recurrent interruptions of breathing. On average, individuals with this condition experience episodes where their breathing is obstructed for more than ten seconds at least five times per hour of sleep.
Obstructive sleep apnea is the most prevalent of the many forms of sleep apnea. This kind of sleep apnea happens when the muscles in your throat periodically relax and close off your airway. Snoring is an audible symptom of obstructive sleep apnea.
There are remedies for obstructive sleep apnea. Utilizing a device that employs positive pressure to keep your airway open while you sleep is one therapy option. Another choice is to use a mouthpiece to forward your lower jaw as you sleep. Surgery may also be a possibility.
According to the Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI), a measuring and classification system, obstructive sleep apnea can range from mild to severe. Your average number of apnea and hypopnea episodes per hour of sleep is measured by the AHI. Each type can be described as follows:
Obstructive sleep apnea signs and symptoms include
If you or your partner encounter any of the subsequent symptoms, it is advisable to seek medical attention:
Not all individuals who snore have obstructive sleep apnea, and snoring by itself does not always indicate an underlying issue that requires attention.
Immediate consultation with your doctor is highly recommended if you experience loud snoring, particularly when accompanied by intermittent periods of silence. When you have obstructive sleep apnea, your snoring typically gets louder when you sleep on your back and gets quieter when you sleep on your side.
If you are experiencing persistent feelings of tiredness, sleepiness, or irritability due to sleep-related problems, it is recommended to consult your doctor. Excessive daytime sleepiness could potentially be attributed to conditions such as narcolepsy or other underlying illnesses, and a medical evaluation can help determine the cause and provide appropriate guidance.
When the muscles in the back of your throat relax too much, it causes obstructive sleep apnea, which prevents normal breathing. The tongue, tonsils, uvula, and soft palate are all supported by these muscles.
Your airway narrows or closes as you breathe in when the muscles relax, making breathing difficult for ten seconds or longer. Your blood’s oxygen saturation may decrease as a result, and carbon dioxide levels may rise.
When your breathing becomes hindered, your brain detects it and momentarily wakes you up so you can reopen your airway. Usually, you don’t remember this awakening because it was so fleeting.
Upon awakening, you may notice brief episodes of breathlessness that rapidly resolve themselves, typically with just one or two deep breaths, accompanied by snorting, coughing, or gasping sounds. Throughout the night, this cycle may repeat itself anywhere from five to thirty times or even more per hour. These interruptions prevent you from achieving deep and restorative sleep, leading to daytime sleepiness.
Obstructive sleep apnea sufferers may not be aware of their disrupted sleep. Many individuals with this form of sleep apnea are unaware that they have not had a restful night’s sleep.
Obstructive sleep apnea can occur in anyone. However, some elements put you at higher danger, such as:
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