A kidney condition known as nephrotic syndrome makes your body excrete excessive amounts of protein in urine.
Nephrotic syndrome, a condition that damages the clusters of tiny blood capillaries in the kidneys known as glomeruli, can have various consequences.
The glomeruli in your kidneys play a crucial role in filtering waste and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted as urine. They effectively remove various waste products, including nitrogen waste (urea), muscle waste (creatinine), and acids.
In a healthy state, the glomeruli efficiently filter out these waste products while ensuring that essential components like cells and proteins necessary for normal bodily functions are retained in the bloodstream.
However, when the glomeruli are damaged, they can no longer effectively perform their filtration function. This can result in blood proteins leaking into the urine, which is not typical in a healthy kidney.
It often leads to swelling, particularly in the ankles and feet increases the risk of developing additional health problems. Nephrotic syndrome is a life threatening condition. Without treatment, its complications may shorten your life expectancy.
It is not common to have nephrotic syndrome. Every year, roughly 1 in 50,000 kids develop nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome is commonly diagnosed in children within the age range of 2 to 5 years old. In comparison to girls, boys are nearly twice as likely to have nephrotic syndrome. Every year, 3 out of every 100,000 adults experience it.
Treating the underlying condition causing nephrotic syndrome is essential, and it often involves medication. Having nephrotic syndrome increases the risk of infections and blood clots. To prevent these complications, your doctor may recommend a combination of medications and dietary modifications.
Nephrotic syndrome symptoms and signs include:
If you notice any symptoms or signs that raise concerns, it is important to schedule a consultation with your doctor. Promptly seeking medical attention is crucial when experiencing any worrisome symptoms related to nephrotic syndrome or any other health condition. By scheduling a consultation, you can discuss your concerns with your doctor and receive appropriate evaluation and guidance.
Damage to your kidneys’ glomeruli, which are collections of tiny blood vessels, is typically what causes nephrotic syndrome.
As your blood flows through your kidneys, the glomeruli filter it, separating the substances your body needs from those it doesn’t. Blood protein, primarily albumin, which is necessary to maintain the proper level of fluid in your body, is prevented from leaking into your urine by healthy glomeruli. Nephrotic syndrome occurs when the glomeruli are damaged, causing an excessive loss of blood proteins from the body.
Nephrotic syndrome can be brought on by a number of diseases and conditions, such as:
Nephrotic syndrome risk factors include the following:
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