Lupus, also known as systemic lupus erythematosus, is a chronic autoimmune illness that causes inflammation and agony throughout the body. Lupus-related inflammation can cause joint pain, skin sensitivity, rashes, and problems with internal organs such as lungs, heart, and kidneys.
The immune system is designed to battle potential threats to the body, such as infections. However, when one has an autoimmune disease like lupus, the immune system attacks healthy tissues in the body. Some people are genetically predisposed to developing lupus, which can be triggered by infections, certain medicines, or even sunshine.
Lupus symptoms might be minimal or non-existent at times. However, instances that severe symptoms may develop which will have a significant influence on one’s everyday life. Many of the symptoms of lupus may come and go in waves, which are referred to as flare-ups. A face rash that mimics butterfly wings unfolding across both cheeks is the most noticeable sign of lupus.
There are several types of lupus, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, which is the most common, cutaneous lupus erythematosus which affects the skin, drug-induced lupus which are caused by specific medications, and neonatal lupus which is a rare type that affects infants at birth. Although there is no cure for lupus, medications can help manage symptoms.
Wide range of symptoms are often associated with lupus. Diagnosing lupus can pose challenges due to its symptoms frequently resembling those of other illnesses. Not everyone with lupus experiences the same symptoms. The lupus signs and symptoms will be determined by which body systems are damaged by the condition.
Signs and symptoms might appear abruptly or gradually, be mild or severe, and be brief or permanent. A flare-up occurs when a symptom becomes abruptly more severe than it was previously.
Symptoms of lupus typically include:
Should you experience the sudden onset of an unexplained rash, , persistent fever, ongoing fatigue, or continuous body aches, it is advisable to seek medical attention promptly. Getting diagnosed is the first step toward managing lupus and improving the quality of life.
Lupus has no definite cause. However, as an autoimmune disease, lupus is most likely caused by a mix of genetics and environment. It is believed that individuals who have a hereditary tendency for lupus may develop the disease upon exposure to certain environmental triggers.
Researchers are still trying to figure out why people get lupus. Even if the exact cause is unknown, there are some factors that may contribute to the disease, such as:
Lupus can affect anyone. It can occur in adults, children, and even infants. However, certain risk factors may contribute to one’s risk of developing lupus, such as:
+66 2066 8888