Pyelonephritis, commonly known as a kidney infection, is a form of urinary tract infection (UTI) that originates in either the urethra or the bladder. The infection has the potential to spread to one or both kidneys.
While the symptoms of a kidney infection and a lower UTI might be similar, a kidney infection is more likely to cause sudden sickness, fever, or pain in the side or lower back. Compared to lower UTIs, kidney infections can be more dangerous.
Treatment for kidney infection frequently includes antibiotics. Immediate medical attention is required for kidney infection. An infection may harm the kidneys permanently if it is not appropriately treated. Or bacteria could go into the bloodstream and start a condition that is potentially dangerous.
Among the signs and symptoms of a kidney infection includes:
If a person has symptoms of a kidney infection, they should schedule a visit with their healthcare provider. If the patient is receiving treatment for both a UTI and other conditions, but their symptoms are not improving, they should also visit their healthcare provider.
Serious kidney infections can result in severe outcomes. They might result in tissue damage or death, or blood poisoning. If the patient is experiencing nausea, vomiting, bloody urine, or other symptoms of a kidney infection, they should seek immediate medical attention.
The most common cause of kidney infections is bacteria, which can grow and move to the kidneys after entering the urine tract through the urethra. E. coli, Proteus mirabilis, Enterobacter, or Staphylococcus are a few of the bacteria that can result in kidney infections.
The kidneys can also be affected by the spread of bacteria from an infection occurring in another area of the body, which can travel through the bloodstream. This can lead to a kidney infection or pyelonephritis. Rarely, a kidney infection can be brought on by an artificial joint or heart valve that develops an infection. In.
In rare cases of kidney infection develops after kidney surgery.
Kidney infections are more likely as a result of the following factors:
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