An autoimmune condition that affects the thyroid gland is called Hashimoto’s disease. The thyroid gland is at the base of the neck, right below the Adam’s apple. The gland creates hormones that assist in controlling a variety of bodily processes.
An autoimmune disorder is a condition where healthy tissues are attacked by the immune system. Immune system cells in Hashimoto’s disease cause the thyroid’s hormone-producing cells to die. In most cases, the condition causes a reduction in hormone production (hypothyroidism).
Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism, the process by which your body converts food into energy. When your body lacks energy, its functions become impaired and slow down.
While Hashimoto’s disease can affect anyone, it is more commonly observed in middle-aged women. The primary treatment for this condition is thyroid hormone replacement therapy.
Other names for Hashimoto’s illness include chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Hashimoto’s disease progresses slowly over time, and in some cases, there may be no noticeable symptoms or signs of illness. However, as thyroid hormone production decreases, the following outcomes may occur:
The symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease are not specific to this condition and can vary greatly. As there are multiple other conditions that could cause similar symptoms, it is crucial to consult a doctor promptly to receive an accurate and timely diagnosis.
Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system produces antibodies that attack the thyroid cells, mistaking them for germs, viruses, or other foreign substances. This immune response involves the use of destructive disease-fighting substances that damage and destroy the cells.
The exact cause of the immune system targeting thyroid cells in Hashimoto’s disease is not fully understood. However, potential factors that may trigger the onset of this disease include:
A higher risk of developing Hashimoto’s disease is linked to the following factors:
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