Dislocated elbow


Dislocated elbow happens when any of the bones (ulna, radius, and humerus) of the elbow joint separated or displaced from its natural position or can be caused by trauma from a car accident or a sports injury. Sometimes, overuse or repetitive motions can relax the tendons and ligaments that serve to stabilize the elbow joints, which can result in instability and dislocation of the elbow.

The elbow can become unstable and occasionally immobile due to dislocation, which can be painful. The elbow’s ligaments are harmed by dislocation, which may also harm the nearby tendons, muscles, and nerves.

According to the extent of the damage and the location, elbow dislocations are categorized in 3 types that consist of:

  • Simple: No serious injury or damage to the bone.
  • Complex: Severe bone and ligament injuries or damage.
  • Severe: The blood vessels and nerves around the elbow have been damaged.


According to the extent of the injury and the bones involved, the signs and symptoms of a dislocated elbow vary. These include the following:

  • Deformity
  • Elbow Pain
  • Swelling, bruising, or inflammation
  • Inability to move the elbow
  • Weakness in the joint

If a patient suspects an elbow dislocation, they should seek immediate medical attention. The possibility of permanent harm is decreased with treatment.


The majority of elbow dislocations happen when someone breaks a fall with an outstretched hand. There are several reasons why an elbow may become dislocated.

  • Trauma: People who extend out to brace themselves against impact during a vehicle accident may dislocate their elbows. Sports-related injuries can also result in dislocations of the elbow. Overusing the elbow could also cause dislocation.
  • Other diseases: Dislocations can occasionally be caused by a joint condition like Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Joints are unusually flexible and loose due to Ehlers-Danlos.

Risk factors

Dislocated elbow is more likely to occur in the following:

  • Age: Elderly people who are prone to falls, usually at age 65 and above.
  • Sports: Overtraining in sports, especially throwing-related events.
  • Other diseases: Have inherited joint conditions like Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.