Chronic sinusitis is a medical condition where the sinuses, which are small cavities inside the head, become swollen and inflamed. This can lead to the accumulation of mucus and cause difficulty breathing through the nose, as well as pain, headaches, and facial swelling. The condition can be caused by infections, nasal polyps, or swelling of the sinuses’ lining, and it can affect both adults and children.
There are different types of sinusitis, including acute, subacute, chronic, and recurrent. While acute sinusitis typically lasts only a few days and can go away with little or no treatment, chronic sinusitis can last longer than 12 weeks and require different types of treatment.
Treatment for chronic sinusitis may include medications, such as antibiotics, steroids, or nasal sprays, to reduce inflammation and fight infections. In severe cases that do not respond to other methods, surgery may be necessary.
Chronic sinusitis commonly manifests as the following:
Other warning signs and symptoms could be:
Similar signs and symptoms are present in both acute and chronic sinusitis. However, acute sinusitis is a brief sinus infection that is often associated with a cold. While you may experience several episodes of acute sinusitis before developing chronic sinusitis, the signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis last for at least 12 weeks. Although fever can occur with acute sinusitis, it is not common.
If you’ve had sinusitis multiple times and it doesn’t go away with treatment, or if you have symptoms that last more than 10 days despite treatment, it’s important to schedule an appointment with your doctor. Also, if you see your doctor but your symptoms don’t improve, it’s important to follow up with them.
However, if you experience fever, swelling or redness around your eyes, severe headache, forehead swelling, confusion, double vision or other vision changes, or a stiff neck, it’s crucial to seek medical attention immediately. These symptoms may indicate a serious infection that requires prompt treatment.
Chronic sinusitis can be brought on by:
The following conditions enhance your risk of developing chronic sinusitis:
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