Chronic kidney disease, commonly known as chronic kidney failure, is a condition in which the kidneys progressively losses its ability to function. When the kidneys are damaged, it cannot remove the waste product and extra fluid from the blood through the urine. The body may accumulate hazardous amounts of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes which typically happens when someone have an advanced chronic kidney disease.
Patient may not have many signs and symptoms during the first stages or when the chronic kidney disease is still developing. It is possible that the condition goes unnoticed until it is already advanced.
The goal of chronic kidney disease treatment is to slow the development of kidney damage, usually by addressing the underlying cause. However, even managing the cause of kidney disease might not stop the damage from getting worse. Kidney disease can lead to kidney failure, also known as the end-stage kidney disease, which will require dialysis or a kidney transplant to improve chances of survival.
Patients with chronic kidney disease may not immediately notice the signs and symptoms until the disease is advanced. Excess fluid, body waste and electrolyte may accumulate when the kidneys stop working. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include:
The signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease are usually nonspecific as other illness may cause them. You might not experience symptoms until permanent damage has occurred since your kidneys can compensate for reduced function.
If the patient experiences any of these symptoms or signs, schedule an appointment with the doctor. Early detection of kidney disease can help preventing the disease’s progression and complications. During checkups, the doctor may check the blood pressure and kidney function using urine and blood tests, especially if the patient has a medical condition that raises the risk of kidney disease. The doctor can confirm which tests are needed for the diagnosis.
Chronic kidney disease is usually caused by other conditions or illnesses that affects kidney function. The underlying condition puts a strain on the kidneys which causes kidney damage and can progress overtime. Chronic kidney disease can be caused by:
Several factors can contribute to the risk of chronic kidney disease. This includes:
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