The bladder is one of the body’s organs located at the lower abdominal area which holds the urine. The bladder cells, also known as urothelial cells, can also be seen in the kidneys and the ureters. When these cells become malignant, it leads to a typical type of cancer, more common in the bladder.
Bladder cancers are most likely treatable when diagnosed at an early stage, but there is a possibility of recurrence even though it was treated early. Hence, follow up check-ups to detect any recurrence are usually required for years even after treatment.
Signs and symptoms of bladder cancer are as follows:
The mutation of the bladder’s DNA marks the beginning of bladder cancer which causes the mutated DNA to instruct the cells to rapidly multiply. The cancer cells will keep on living but the healthy cells die. Continuous multiplication of cancer cells grows and create a tumor, which invades and destructs the normal body tissues. As time goes by, cancer cells spread to other parts of the body, also known as metastasis.
Factors that may increase bladder cancer risk include:
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