Aortic valve regurgitation, also known as aortic regurgitation, is a condition that develops when the leaflets known as cusps which open and close in a valve are not closed as tightly as they should, causing blood flow that is pumped out of the left ventricle (the main chamber of the heart) leak back into the chamber as a result of the disease. The leakage of aortic valve regurgitation prevents the heart from functioning properly by pumping blood to the rest of the body, which results in fatigue, or tiredness, or shortness of breath. This disease could suddenly develop, or it may take years to progress.
However, if it becomes severe surgical intervention is needed to repair or replace the aortic valve.
As aortic valve regurgitation is a slowly progressive disease, patients may be unaware of the disease as there may be no signs and symptoms. In some cases, the disease occurs suddenly due to a valve infection.
The signs and symptoms may include:
If the patient is having any signs and symptoms, please consult the doctor.
Heart failure may occasionally be a factor in the development of aortic valve regurgitation. It is recommended to have a physical consultation with the specialist if the patient is experiencing tiredness that doesn’t improve with rest, shortness of breath, and swelling of ankles and feet, this may indicate heart failure.
One of the four valves that regulates blood flow through the heart is the aortic valve. It separates the major artery supplying your body with oxygen-rich blood (aorta) from the left ventricle, the heart’s primary pumping chamber. Each heartbeat causes the valve’s flaps (also known as cusps or leaflets) to open and close once. Aortic valve regurgitation develops when the blood flows regurgitate back into the left ventricle as a result of an abnormal closing of the aortic valve and it can lead to an enlargement of the heart chambers.
The larger left ventricle essentially exerts more force to keep a regular blood flow. Due to the disease the left ventricle and the heart eventually become weaker. Aortic valve regurgitation is a slow progressive disease (chronic) but it can induce instantly (acute) as a result of valve infection.
The following are some causes of aortic valve regurgitation:
A bicuspid valve increases the risk of developing one if they have a parent or sibling who has the disease. Even without a history of the disease in the family, someone can still have a bicuspid valve.
The following are some risk factors that will likely develop into aortic valve regurgitation:
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