Angina pectoris, a specific type of chest pain, is caused by reduced blood supply to the heart. It is also considered a symptom of coronary artery disease.
Common adjectives to describe angina pain include squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightness, and pain in the chest. Some people may also feel as if there is a substantial weight on their chest. Angina can cause either a new episode of chest pain that has to be checked out by a doctor or a recurrent pain that gets better with treatment.
Coronary artery disease can lead to angina and heart attacks. However, angina doesn’t harm your heart permanently. A heart attack does. That’s because angina indicates that your heart’s blood flow has temporarily decreased. A heart attack results in a more prolonged decrease in blood flow. Your heart muscle starts to deteriorate throughout that period.
The discomfort of indigestion, for example, can be difficult to distinguish from angina, despite the fact that it is a rather common type of chest pain. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience inexplicable chest pain.
Angina manifests in various forms, which are determined by the underlying cause and whether symptoms are relieved by rest or medication.
Discomfort from stable angina is predictable and frequently comparable to chest discomfort from earlier bouts. The average duration of the chest pain is five minutes or less.
Pain and discomfort in the chest are angina symptoms. The discomfort or pain in the chest could feel like it’s full, squeezing, burning or pressurized.
The arms, neck, jaw, shoulder, or back may all experience pain.
Additional symptoms of angina include:
Angina can vary in severity, duration, and type. If new or different symptoms arise, it might indicate unstable angina, which is a more dangerous form of angina and could lead to a heart attack. If you experience any new or worsening angina symptoms, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. A doctor can diagnose and differentiate between stable and unstable angina to provide appropriate treatment.
Women’s angina symptoms can differ from typical angina symptoms. Delays in getting treatment could be caused by these distinctions. For instance, although chest discomfort is frequently experienced by women with angina, it may not be the sole symptom or the one that affects them the most. Women may also experience symptoms like:
It may be an indication of a heart attack if your chest discomfort persists for more than a few minutes and doesn’t go away after you rest or take your angina treatments. Contact emergency medical services. If there is no other way to get there, only drive yourself to the hospital.
It’s crucial to consult your doctor if chest discomfort is a new symptom for you in order to identify the cause and receive the right treatments. If you have stable angina and it worsens or changes, you should visit a doctor very away.
Reduced blood supply to the heart muscle is what causes angina. The oxygen that the heart muscle requires to survive is carried by blood. Ischemia is the medical term for the disorder that results from the heart muscle not receiving enough oxygen.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most frequent reason why the blood supply to the heart muscle is diminished. The fatty buildups known as plaques can cause the heart’s arteries (coronary) to constrict. Atherosclerosis is the term for this.
A blood clot or plaque rupture in a blood vessel can abruptly restrict or obstruct blood flow through a constricted artery. Blood flow to the heart muscle may suddenly and significantly drop as a result.
The heart muscle may be able to function on the lower amount of blood flow when there is little oxygen demand, such as while one is at rest, without experiencing angina symptoms. Angina, however, can happen when the need for oxygen increases, as it does during exercise.
The risk of angina may be raised by the following factors:
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