Dry socket, also known as alveolar osteitis, is a dental condition that can occasionally occur after you have an adult permanent tooth extracted. It happens when, after removing a tooth, a blood clot either fails to form or becomes dislodged. Dry socket pain results from the exposed bone and nerves in the absence of the clot.
At the location of a tooth extraction, a blood clot (looks like a dark-colored scab) typically develops. This blood clot acts as a shield over the underlying bone and nerve ending in the vacant tooth socket and supports the structure for the formation of new bone and soft tissue over the clot.
Intense pain is caused by exposure of the underlying bone and nerves, which affects both the socket and the nerves that radiate to the side of the face. The socket may get irritated and fill with food particles, increasing the pain. The discomfort normally starts one to three days after the tooth is extracted if the patient has a dry socket.
The most frequent issue that arises after having teeth extractedis a dry socket. Dry socket pain cannot be managed solely with over-the-counter drugs. Patients can obtain treatment from their dentist or oral surgeon.
Dry socket symptoms and signs might include:
It’s common to have some pain and discomfort following a tooth extraction. Dentist or oral surgeon may have prescribed a painkiller and be able to manage normal pain with it. Over time, the pain should subside.
Contact the dentist or oral surgeon right away if the patient is experiencing any new or worsening discomfort in the days after the tooth extraction.
The exact reason for dry socket is unknown to experts. The following are some causes of dry socket.
The chances of developing dry socket may be affected by the following factors:
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