Some children are able to perform new tasks without extreme effort, can organize things well; while other are easily distracted, have a really tough time starting new tasks or have a trouble paying attention.
Those individual actions performed by mental processes called “Executive Function”.
Executive function is a set of mental processes that allow children to manage their thoughts, actions, and emotions in order to achieve a goal (Goal Directed Behaviors). There are three main executive skills.
Having executive function (EF) skills is an essential part of being able to face the challenges in everyday life, allowing children to control their emotions; for example, they can keep calm when they are angry or they’d rather pay attention in class than being distracted. Moreover, executive function is also a major ability to socialize such as being part of a team or being a good listener.
Executive function skills are controlled by an area of the brain called the frontal lobe. This area develops continuously throughout the life, but it’s more likely to develop rapidly in early childhood, particularly between 3-5 years of age. A good executive function can be developed during ‘Quality Time’. Parents can support thier children to develop their skills with games or activities you can find at home.
However, parental support and emotional support are significantly associated with the development of children’s executive functions. Parents have the opportunity to help their children develop these skills using simple everyday exercises or games. So the time and effort you spend to help your child are gifts that will last a lifetime.