Menstrual Cramp or Dysmenorrhea is painful sensations that affect many women before and during a menstrual period. Women might think that it is normal to feel slightly pain to extremely pain during period. But the fact is menstrual pain can be a sign of a serious problem.
There are 2 types of dysmenorrhea: “Primary” and “Secondary”.
- Primary Dysmenorrhea is common menstrual cramps that are recurrent and are not due to other diseases. Pain usually begins 1 or 2 days before, or when menstrual bleeding starts, and is felt in the lower abdomen, back, or thighs.
- Secondary Dysmenorrhea is pain that is caused by disease in the woman’s reproductive organs, such as uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, that really needs treatment.
If you have severe or unusual menstrual cramps, so it’s important to get checked. You may have a problem in your reproductive organs that causes your cramps and might need other tests to find the right treatment, surgery may be needed. The type of surgery depends on the cause of your problem, and could be a minimally invasive surgical option that require incisions of only 1 to 2 centimeters.