“Osteoporosis” Silent Disease Targets The Elderly
“Osteoporosis” is a disease of the bones, caused by the loss of there strength (Bone Density or Bone Quality). As a result, bones become weak. It is often considered a “silent disease” because one can’t feel bones weakening. Patients with osteoporosis are at risk of broken bones and only a few of them can resume normal activities after fracture. Broken bones due to osteoporosis are more likely to occur in the hip, spine, and wrist.
Who is at risk?
- Women over the age of 65 and men over the age of 70.
- Early menopause (before age 45).
- Have a history of fragility fracture.
- Usage of steroid medications.
- Some chronic diseases eg: kidney disease.
Making a Diagnosis
You can find out whether you have osteoporosis by getting a Bone Mineral Density test. This test uses a machine called DEXA (Dual Energy X-Ray Absorp Hometry) to measure your bone density. It estimates the amount of bone in your hip, spine and sometimes wrist. The test can diagnose osteoporosis before a broken bone occurs.
Treatment & Care
- If you are diagnosed with low bone density, treatment usually includes a combination of medications and lifestyle changes. Have adequate calcium, vitamin D and exercise to support your bone health.
- If you have a bone fracture caused by osteoporosis you must get immediate medical attention. Patients with hip fractures are usually treated in with surgery while patients with spine fractures usually treated with bracing for support.Prevention and Healthy Living
- Get enough calcium and vitamin D and eat a well balanced diet.
- Engage in regular exercise.
- Avoid smoking and reduce alcohol intake.
- Get regular health checks and a bone density test.