Breast reduction or reduction mammoplasty is a procedure to remove fat, glandular tissue, and skin from the breasts, making them smaller, lighter, and firmer. Breast reduction is usually performed for women who are troubled by very large or sagging breasts that restrict their activities and cause them physical discomfort.

The surgeon will examine and measure your breasts and will discuss the variables that may affect the procedure such as your age, the size and shape of your breasts, and the condition of your skin. A mammogram may be required before surgery.

The procedure involves an incision that circles the areola, extends downward, and follows the natural curve of the crease beneath the breast. The surgeon removes excess glandular tissue, fat, and skin. The surgeon then brings the skin from both sides of the breast down and around the areola, shaping the new contour of the breast.

Breast reduction is always performed under general anesthesia.

After surgery, you will have to stay in the hospital for about 7 days. You’ll be wrapped in an elastic bandage or a surgical bra over gauze dressings, after surgery. A small tube may be placed in each breast to drain off blood and fluids for the first day or two. The bandages will be removed a day or two after surgery, however, you’ll continue wearing the surgical bra around the clock for several weeks, until the swelling and bruising subside. Your stitches will be removed in one to three weeks.

Your breasts may still ache for a couple of weeks. You should avoid lifting or pushing anything heavy for three or four weeks and should limit your exercises to stretching, bending, and swimming until your energy level returns. A good athletic bra is needed for breast support and you should try to avoid any physical contact with your breasts for about six weeks.

However, there is a possibility of complications, including bleeding, infection, or loss of feeling in their nipples or breasts. The procedure may leave slightly mismatched breasts or unevenly positioned nipples.

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