These procedures may help to diagnose stomach polyps:
- Endoscopy: Uses a scope to let the doctor see the inside of the stomach.
- Biopsy: A small tissue sample from the stomach is removed while doing endoscopy which is sent to the laboratory for further investigation.
The type of stomach polyps will determine the appropriate treatment option such as:
- Small polyps that aren’t adenomas. This type of polyps is usually asymptomatic and has a very low chance of becoming malignant. Treatment is usually not needed but should be observed regularly for any abnormalities.
- Large stomach polyps. This type is removed during endoscopy.
- Adenomas. This type may be removed during endoscopy because they have a higher risk develop into cancer cells.
- Polyps associated with familial adenomatous polyposis. They have a tendency to become malignant so should be removed.
The doctor will recommend endoscope following-up to evaluate for recurring of stomach polyp.
Treating H. pylori infection
Medications which include antibiotics are combined by the doctor to treat gastritis due to H. pylori bacterial infection. The treatment can eliminate hyperplastic polyps and prevent their recurrence.