It is highly recommended for men to perform testicular self-examination (TSE) to check for lumps. The lumps could also be detected during the routine physical examination with the specialist.
To properly diagnose the testicular cancer, the following procedures may be recommended:
Once the specialist confirmed the diagnosis of the testicular cancer, the following step is to know the extent (stage) of the cancer. The stages of cancer are indicated by Roman numerals ranging from 0 to III. The lowest stage indicates a cancer is confined at the limited area around the testicle. The highest stage – stage III – indicates that the cancer had spread and advanced in other areas of the body.
The type, location and stage of cancer are some of the factors which can affect the type of treatment to apply as well as general health and personal choice of treatment. The treatment options are as follows:
Surgery could be recommended to remove the affected testicle considering the size, location, and stage of the testicular cancer.
The doctor might monitor closely after surgery. The appointment may include blood test, CT scan and other procedures to check for early sign of the cancer relapsing.
The use of specific drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy enters the bloodstream and travels throughout the body. The chemotherapy could be done either before or after the removal of the lymph nodes. Infertility is a common side effect during chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Tumors are eliminated by radiation therapy using high-energy radiation. Radiation therapy is an option that can be combined with chemotherapy when surgery cannot be done to totally remove the cancer cells. This treatment is recommended for seminoma type of testicular cancer.
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