Parvovirus infection


Healthcare providers typically diagnose fifth disease based on your child’s symptoms, particularly noting the presence of the characteristic “slapped cheek” rash. When accompanied by flu-like symptoms, this rash is a strong indicator of the condition, often allowing for a diagnosis in the office without the need for additional tests. In rare instances, blood tests may be ordered by the provider to confirm the diagnosis of fifth disease.


Symptoms of fifth disease usually resolve within a few weeks with minimal or no intervention. The healthcare provider may suggest over the counter (OTC) pain relievers to address fever, headaches, and joint pain. In some cases, patients with severe anemia may be required to stay in the hospital and get blood transfusions. Immunoglobulin injections can provide antibodies to treat infections in people with compromised immune systems.

It may also no longer necessary to keep the sick child isolated. The presence of parvovirus infection becomes apparent only when the rash shows up, and by then, the child is no longer contagious.

  • Selfcare: Ensure that children gets enough sleep and consumes a lot of water. Over the counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen may be prescribed to minimize discomfort and manage flu-like symptoms.

Although aspirin is safe to use in kids over three, it should never be given to kids or teenagers who are recovering from the flu or chickenpox. This is due to the fact that aspirin has been connected to Reye’s syndrome in these children, a rare but possibly fatal illness.