During the physical examination, your doctor will press on the injured joint to feel for any soreness or swelling. You or your doctor might occasionally be able to feel a loose piece inside your joint. In addition, your doctor will examine the ligaments and other structures close to the joint.
In order to determine whether the joint can move easily across its usual range of motion, your doctor may also ask you to move the affected joint in various directions.
One or more of these tests may be prescribed by your doctor:
In addition to reducing the risk of osteoarthritis, treatment for osteochondritis dissecans aims to relieve pain and return the damaged joint to its normal state of function. There is no specific treatment, which is effective for everyone. When children’s bones are still developing, a time of rest and protection may help the bone deformity mend.
Your doctor will likely first advise taking conservative action, which could entail:
You may require surgery if you have a loose fragment in your joint, if the damaged area persists after your bones have ceased developing, or if conservative therapy is ineffective after four to six months. The size and stage of the injury and the maturity of your bones will determine the type of surgery.
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