These are the tests done to diagnose liver cancer
The doctor will do the staging of cancer after liver cancer diagnosis. Cancer is staged in order to know the location and size of cancer. Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and bone scans are done to stage cancer.
There are different types of liver cancer staging. One is using Roman numerals such as from I to IV and the other is using letters such as from A to D. Staging will figure out which treatment is best done and determine the prognosis of the disease.
Primary liver cancer is treated based on its stage, the patient’s age, general health and treatment choice.
Treatment that targets only the cancer cells and its surrounding area is called a localized treatment. The following choices are available:
Cancer cells are targeted using X-rays and protons with strong energy beams to shrink the tumor. This treatment may be applied if other treatments are not effective or for advanced stage liver cancer to relieve symptoms. During this procedure, the patient will lie down on the table and a machine will target directly the part of the body that needs treatment. Another way of applying direct radiation into the cancer cells is by stereotactic radiotherapy which utilizes tiny radiation beams on a specific body part.
Targeted therapy blocks the specific abnormalities or genetic mutation of the cancer cells which will be tested for specific receptor within laboratory.
Immunotherapy uses the body’s own immune system to destroy cancer cells. Cancer cells produce proteins to disguise themselves so that the body’s own immunity wouldn’t attack them. Immunotherapy counteracts this disguise process of the tumor so that the body can fight the cancer cells. This therapy may be applied on advanced stage liver cancer.
Chemotherapy uses chemical medications to destroy cancer cells administered orally by the use of pills or intravenously. It may also be used sometimes for advanced-stage liver cancer.
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