Gonorrhea, classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or sexually transmitted disease (STD), is induced by a bacterium capable of affecting individuals of any gender.  Most frequently, gonorrhea affects the throat, urethra, or rectum. Gonorrhea can also infect the cervix in females. Other terms used for gonorrhea is the clapor drip”.

Most frequently, gonorrhea is spread through vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse. But after birthing, newborns of infected moms can contract the disease. Gonorrhea most frequently damages the eyes in babies.

The effective prevention of STIs is to avoid having sex altogether, use a condom when you do, and maintain a mutually monogamous relationship.


Gonorrhea infection frequently has no symptoms. However, while symptoms can occur everywhere in your body, they frequently manifest in the genital tract.

Gonorrhea affecting the genital tract

Men who have contracted gonorrhea may exhibit the following signs and symptoms:

  • Testicular swelling or pain
  • The penis appears to have a discharge that looks like a pus
  • Pain when urinating

Women who have gonorrhea may have the following signs and symptoms:

  • Vaginal bleeding outside of menstruation, such as following sex
  • Pain when urinating
  • Pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Pain while having sex 
  • Increased discharge from the vagina

Gonorrhea at other sites in the body

Additionally, gonorrhea can impact the following bodily regions:

  • Eyes. Eye pain, light sensitivity, and puslike discharge from one or both eyes can all be symptoms of gonorrhea that affects the eyes.
  • Throat. A sore throat and swollen neck lymph nodes are two possible indicators of a throat infection.
  • Joints. Septic arthritis is an infection of one or more joints caused by bacteria. The affected joints may be heated, red, swollen, and exceedingly painful, especially while moving.
  • Rectum. Anal itching, rectal discharge that looks like pus, specks of bright red blood on toilet paper, and needing to strain during bowel movements are all signs and symptoms of this condition.

If you experience any unsettling symptoms or signs, such as a burning feeling when you urinate or a puslike discharge from your penis, vagina, or rectum, schedule an appointment with your doctor.

If your spouse has been told they have gonorrhea, you should also schedule a visit with your physician. It’s possible that you won’t have any symptoms or indicators that would make you want to consult a doctor. However, even after your spouse has received gonorrhea therapy, if you don’t get treatment, you could reinfect them.


Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the bacteria that causes gonorrhea. The most frequent way for the gonorrhea germs to spread from one person to another is via sexual contact, including oral, anal, or vaginal sex.

Risk factors

Men who have sex with men and sexually active people under the age of 25 are more likely to contract gonorrhea.

Additional elements that could raise your risk include:

  • Getting a new partner for sex.
  • Having a partner for sex who has several partners
  • Having multiple sexual partners.
  • Having experienced gonorrhea or a different STD