The diagnosis of adnexal tumors typically involves the following tests:
- Physical examination: A healthcare provider may perform a thorough pelvic examination to assess the presence of any abnormal masses or tenderness in the pelvic area.
- Imaging tests: Various imaging techniques can be employed to visualize and characterize adnexal tumors. These may include:
- Ultrasound: Transvaginal or abdominal ultrasound can provide detailed images of the adnexal area, helping to determine the size, location, and characteristics of the tumor.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI scans can provide more detailed and comprehensive images of adnexal tumors, aiding in their characterization and assessment.
- Computed tomography (CT) Scan: CT scans may be used to further evaluate the tumor and its potential impact on nearby structures.
The treatment for adnexal masses depends on the specific case. If the mass is benign and not causing any pain, regular imaging tests will likely be used to monitor it. However, if the tumor grows, causes increased pain, internal bleeding, or if it is cancerous, surgery will be recommended. In many cases, adnexal masses are not harmful and will resolve on their own, but if they cause discomfort or intense symptoms, surgical removal may be necessary. It is important to contact a healthcare provider immediately if intense pain or fevers are experienced to assess for ovarian torsion, which is a surgical emergency.