Lung cancer is caused by uncontrolled abnormal cell’s growth in tissues of the lung that form a malignant lung tumor. As you know, smoking is the main risk factor of lung cancer but there are other risk factors of lung cancer that you may not know.
- Smoking and inhaling cigarette’s smoke: Smoking cigarette is the main risk factor of lung cancer and other types of cancer such as ear, throat, nose, and bladder cancer. Hence, people age 55 years old who smoke around 1 pack of cigarette a day for over 30 years should undergo the lung cancer screening test by Low Radiation X-Ray (EOS image) which is more precise than the normal one.
- Working in the industry: Especially the industry that has carcinogens like Chromium, Asbestos, Radon, Nickel, etc.
- Family history of lung cancer: Even though lung canceris not hereditary like some cancers, some studies shown that people who have family members with lung cancer at young age have a high risk of lung cancer.
- Have chronic lung disease: Having a chronic lung disease such aschronic emphysema and Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis increases the risk of lung cancer.
- Pollution: According to studies, there is a connection between PM 2.5 dust and lung cancer. However, there is no confirmation about the quantity of the dust received that cause lung cancer.
In conclusion, we can simply reduce the risk of lung cancer by avoiding these mentioned risk factors; quit smoking, and avoid receiving cigarette smoke and pollution.
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