Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital anomalies, occurring in approximately one in 250 to one in 300 live births. A birth defect of the urethra in the male that involves an abnormally placed urinary meatus (the opening, or male external urethral orifice). Instead of opening at the tip of the glans of the penis, a hypospadic urethra opens anywhere along a line (the urethral groove) running from the tip along the underside (ventral aspect) of the shaft to the junction of the penis and scrotum or perineum. A distal hypospadias may be suspected even in an uncircumcised boy from an abnormally formed foreskin and downward tilt of the glans. Hypospadias are among the most common birth defects of the male genitalia, but widely varying incidences have been reported from different countries, from as low as 1 in 4000 to as high as 1 in 125 boy.
Hypospadias is Idiopathic or unknown cause
Signs and Symptoms
Hypospadias is a male birth defect in which the opening of the tube that carries urine from the body (urethra) develops abnormally, usually on the underside of the penis. The opening can occur anywhere from just below the end of the penis to the scrotum. A form of hypospadias in which the genitals are abnormally positioned can also develop in females.
Other symptoms include:
Abnormal spraying of urine
Having to sit down to urinate
Malformed foreskin that makes the penis look "hooded
The only treatment for hypospadias is surgical repair of the anatomical defect.
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