22 Jan Stem Cells Research and Treatments in Thailand at Vejthani Hospital(Last Updated On: July 9, 2018)
Stem Cells Research and Treatments in Thailand at Vejthani Hospital
Stem cells treatments are a type of cells therapy that introduces new cells into damaged tissue in order to treat a disease or injury. Many medical researchers believe that stem cells treatments have the potential to change the face of human disease and alleviate suffering. The ability of stem cells to self-renew and give rise to subsequent generations that can differentiate offers a large potential to culture tissues that can replace diseased and damaged tissues in the body, without the risk of rejection.
A number of stem cells treatments exist, although most are still experimental and/or costly, with the notable exception of bone marrow transplantation. Medical researchers anticipate one day being able to use technologies derived from adult and embryonic stem cells research to treat cancer, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, cardiac failure, muscle damage and neurological disorders, along with many others.
More research is needed concerning both stem cells behavior and the mechanisms of the diseases they could be used to treat before most of these experimental treatments become realities
Potential Stem Cells Treatments
Stem Cell Treatment for Spinal cord injury
A team of Korean researchers reported on November 25, 2004, that they had transplanted multipotent adult stem cells from an umbilical cord blood to a patient suffering from a spinal cord injury and that she can now walk on her own, without difficulty. The patient had not been able stand up for roughly 19 years. For the unprecedented clinical test, the scientists isolated adult stem cells from umbilical cord blood and then injected them into the damaged part of the spinal cord.
According to the October 7, 2005 issue of The Week, University of California researchers injected human embryonic stem cells into paralyzed mice, which resulted in the mice regaining the ability to move and walk four months later. The researchers discovered upon dissecting the mice that the stem cells regenerated not only the neurons, but also the cells of the myelin sheath, a layer of cells which insulates neural impulses and speeds them up, facilitating communication with the brain (damage to which is often the cause of neurological injury in humans).
In January 2005, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison differentiated human blastocyst stem cells into neural stem cells, then into the beginnings of motor neurons, and finally into spinal motor neuron cells, the cells type that, in the human body, transmits messages from the brain to the spinal cord. The newly generated motor neurons exhibited electrical activity, the signature action of neurons. Lead researcher Su-Chun Zhang described the process as “you need to teach the blastocyst stem cells to change step by step, where each step has different conditions and a strict window of time.”
Transforming blastocyst stem cells into motor neurons had eluded researchers for decades. The next step will be to test if the newly generated neurons can communicate with other cells when transplanted into a living animal; the first test will be in chicken embryos. Su-Chun said their trial-and-error study helped them learn how motor neuron cells, which are key to the nervous system, develop in the first place. The new cells could be used to treat diseases like Lou Gehrig’s disease, muscular dystrophy, and spinal cord injuries.